​Phone: (940) 696-1544

Fax: (940) 696-0203

Texoma Facial and Oral Surgery

Wichita Falls, Texas 

Introduction to Bone Grafting


Missing teeth may lead to jawbone loss and additional problems, which may include any of the following:  pain, problems with your remaining teeth, altered facial appearance, changes in speech, and inability to eat normally.

Bone tissue is maintained by use, similar to the way muscles are maintained through exercise.  When teeth are missing, or the portion of the jawbone that anchors the teeth (alveolar bone) no longer receives the necessary stimulation and begins to break down.

Potential Consequences of Tooth and Jawbone Loss

  • Problems with remaining teeth, including, misalignment, drifting, loosening and loss
  • Collapsed facial profile
  • Limited lip support
  • Skin wrinkling around the mouth
  • Distortion of other facial features
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, facial pain, and headaches
  • Difficulty speaking and communicating
  • Inadequate nutrition as a result of the inability to chew properly and painlessly
  • Sinus expansion


The jawbone at the site of missing teeth atrophies over time.  This atrophied bone (decreased in quality and quantity) may be insufficient for dental implant placement.  Bone grafting allows for replacement of lost or missing bone.  Adequate bone permits the correct size of implant to be placed for ideal function and aesthetics.

Types of Bone Grafts

  • Autogenous bone
  • Allogenic bone
  • Xenogenic bone
  • Graft composites

Each bone grafting option has its own risks and benefits.  Dr. Mueller and Dr. Waters will determine which type of bone graft material is right for you.